What is the Difference Between Bio Fuels and Fossil Fuels?

That’s a good question I’m glad you asked. Bio-fuels are actual fuels that forms well when biological matter decomposes. Bio-fuel exist in gas, solid, and liquid, in all of the three states of matter, and they are mostly deprived from plants. >b>Okay here’s the difference between fossil fuels and bio-fuels Another great question. 1. Bio-fuels can be made super fast, in as little as a few days or so, while Fossil fuels takes a lifetime time to build, such as a million years. Interesting huh? Bio-fuels are different from fossil fuels in the following ways: 2. Bio-fuels are definitely renewable sources of energy while fossil fuels are not. 3. Did you know that fossil fuels creates very large amounts of unsafe pollution while Bio-fuels are much safer? Well yes, it’s true. What are different types of bio-fuels? Here’s the four types of bio-fuels… 1. First generation. 2. Second generation. 3. Third generation. 4. Fourth generation Now the first generation fuels are deprived from fats, animal fats, sugar, starch, and vegetables, and obviously these foods are in return deprived from food-crops. Three types of bio-fuels are biogas, bio-diesel, and vegetable oil. Alright the second generation of bio-fuels mainly comes from waste biomass. This makes it a much more balanced option when compared to the first-generation bio-fuels. The second generation of bio-fuels consist of different kinds of diesels and alcohols from wood. Now we’re on the third generation of bio-fuels. The third generation bio-fuels are deprived from algae. Algae are great at creating these bio-fuels. The algae fuels are great! and are extremely friendly because they can decompose into the soil without harming it. Bio-fuels here in the fourth generation are comprised by a method in which micro-organisms are raised to work with carbon dioxide to generate fuel. Does Bio-fuels have any Advantages? Bio-fuels prove advantageous in the following ways: 1. Bio-fuels really does lessens the burden on less valued, vanishing fossil fuels. 2. They are friendly to the environment, and one of the greatest advantages is that they help reduce carbon emissions into the atmosphere. 3. Extremely cost effective. Disadvantages of bio-fuels Bio-fuels have received criticism for a lot of reasons, and here’s a couple of them… 1. There has been a long debate on the usefulness of the first generation fuels when it’s compared to the lack of food they caused. They generate food from fuel crops and it makes them unworthy for a human to consume. A disadvantage of bio-fuels is that it requires acres of farming land.

Setting Up a Fluval Edge Aquarium

The Fluval Edge is truly something different in small decorative aquariums

Most tanks larger than a goldfish bowl require a designed aquarium stand, otherwise the surface they are placed on often warps and causes a glass tank to develop a stress crack. This really limits where a relatively small fish tank can be placed. The Edge is small, the capacity is only six US Gallons, but it is radical in both approach and design.

The Fluval Edge aquarium system is truly a glass box. All six sides are enclosed, even the top! There is a collar around an access hole, but otherwise the system is completely enclosed. It literally is a box of water which can be viewed from all angles. I love watching the fish from the top, the natural viewing angle, just as if they were in a clear flowing river.

The Edge design uses advanced halogen lighting (two small little bulbs) positioned in the center of the tank. The light that they throw projects through the entire system from all angles. Because the water surface is agitated right under the light source, there is a gentle rippling effect which produces interesting light play throughout. The halogen lighting provides plenty of light for the nine assorted plants I used to decorate the system.

Since all the edges and plates of glass are completely sealed on all edges, the tank seems much stronger. It should withstand stresses that normally would crack a standard open topped tank. The system comes with its own integrated pedestal. The bottom structure only supports approximately a third of the bottom surface area. The overhang on the sides and front allows unrestricted view from all angles, even the bottom if you like to look at the gravel from below.

The pedestal is designed to house all the electrical components for the tank. The supplied halogen lighting is incorporated into a light bar which swivels up and out of the way during maintenance or accessing the open collar at the center of the tank. The lights operate right over the aquarium surface during standard operation. They are not particularly strong, but throw a pleasant rippling light throughout the entire tank. The shadow and ever changing light makes looking at the fish and their habitat very soothing.

The pedestal also encloses the integrated filtration. The Edge uses an external three stage power filter. The filter uses the entire volume of the filter chamber to provide maximum filtration for the space. If it is too strong for the fish, there is a recirculating flow grid that reduces the water flow by up to 60%. For extra safety for small fish, you can get a foam protector for the input siphon area. I did not bother, but it is an extra safety precaution for tiny fish.

Three standard style inserts are included. The small foam block for gross particulate removal. Then there is a carbon insert to remove dyes, chemical impurities and to polish the water to crystal clear. The final media, biological pellets, provide plenty of surface area on and within to promote beneficial bacteria and active biological filtration.

There is not a lot of extra space in the rear pedestal to play with, but the filter fits in just perfectly. There is enough space to allow the heater cord to pass as well. One drawback, no allowance is made for any automatic style feeder when the cover is in place. It would not be tough to add a battery powered feeder if the cover was not used. The drawback here is that the aesthetics are lost and evaporation will increase markedly.

There is a list of "Edge Friendly" species shown on the box that can be used with the unit when it is set-up with just the equipment included in the box. But I am a tropical fish enthusiast, so I got my hands on one of the heaters designed especially to control the temperature in the Edge. It is a black metallic unit with no adjustment capability. You get what the heater is factory pre-set to deliver. I am told it should keep the tank about 78 F.

I have a digital thermometer probe located in the tank. The temperature shows about 80.2 when the light is on. After the light has been off overnight, the reading shows 78.4 F. I somehow doubt the day / night change is that radical. The probe is almost directly under the Halogen lighting, so I think there is some influence there. I would say the evening temperature is the most accurate for the full volume of the aquarium, with the lights influencing the daytime reading because of probe location.

The view from the top is extraordinary, but to achieve this, the top had to be completely sealed. Since the glass plates are flat, there is the chance that some air bubbles will be trapped at the top. The perfectionist may want to "burp" the system occasionally by rocking the tank slightly to force the air to move to the collar and thus escape. This would be very difficult with a standard aquarium stand that is meant to keep the aquarium solidly in place at all times. The pedestal allows the tank to be moved a bit, if you are careful and steady.

Burping works well when there is enough water in the collar, but if it is low, air will be let under the glass plate on the other side. I also noticed that the system tells you when evaporation has become too great. The filter will occasionally drive some air bubbles under the top plate. They will begin collect when water is not high enough in the collar. If this occurs, it is usually best to add a cup or so of water to bring up the level in the collar before burping, or the result will be many more air bubbles trapped under the glass instead of less.

Set-up was easy and fast, it should take less than an hour, including gravel rinsing to go from box to filled installation. I allowed the system settle for a day before adding fish. I actually used two types of gravel, one was soft and used to be a friendly substrate for the live plants. This stuff seemed to cloud the water when it was added. It was difficult to rinse clear in the first place and took the day to settle and the filter clear up the water.

Always remember, this is not your ordinary aquarium.

You have to take this into consideration when you are working with it or adding fish. If you put your hands or a fish bag in the collar, the water level rises quite rapidly. You need to drop the level at least a quarter of capacity if you need to access interior parts with your hands. Otherwise the tank will suddenly flood over the collar.

I love the look of the system, and so far the fish I cose top populate it, rainbows, seem very happy. There are eight; two pairs of forktails and two pairs of threadfin rainbows. Generally I do not add a bottom fish when initiating an aquarium, but in this case added a botia lohochata because I added lots of live plants.

Chances are always good a snail or two will get in, even with rinsing the plants prior to placement. The tank should only be used with small fish, it is small 23 L (6 US Gallons) 18.875 "(48 cm) L x 10.25" (20 cm) W x 8.75 "(22.4 cm) H. It should not house fish that need to grow large. Otherwise, it will soon be time to add a new larger tank to accommodate a rapidly growing pet.

The Fluval Edge is a tank that will sit almost anywhere there is a flat surface able to support around 60 pounds. The included stand absorbs any small surface variations, so the worry of a sudden break is quite remote. Do not try to move it much while full, the sloshing could break it faster than an uneven surface ever could. You will also undoubtedly get wet! But since there are no catches or guides for the stand to tank interface, it is easy to move it slightly to burp it.

There is a whole line of accessories designed especially for the unique requirements of the Edge system .. The most important is an algae scraper designed to get into all corners of the tank. This would be impossible with common algae scraping equipment. The foam fish protector has already been mentioned. There is a special gravel cleaner with two different end attachments to help reach all areas. A heater, replacement light bulbs and filter media are all included n the accessory line.

Source by Stephen Pond

5 Tips For Women To Build Muscle And Look Great

We all want to gain muscle but not many women actually know how to do it. Well I am going to fill you in on a few tricks of the trade to help you be successful. No one wants to sweat to death at the gym only to see no results! So without further delay here are 5 tips for women to build muscle!

1. Its not the number of reps that matter but the intensity and sets. You should be lifting an amount that is near your max. Sets filled with only 6-10 reps are O.K. but you need to do more sets. Aim for 3-6 sets per exercise. This way you are going to get those muscles tired and have them building more muscle in no time.

2. Choose multi-joint exercises over single joint. What I mean by this is basically stop with the machines. These are targeted to one specific muscle and joint so you are not getting the most out of your time. For a full body workout stick with exercises (free weights) that are going to do more than just have you doing a curl. Exercises include (but not limited to): squats, lunges, pull ups, pushups, incline chest press, and the dead lift. These work not only the main muscles and joints but also stabilizer muscles and other assisting muscles.

3. Cut out processed sugars and white carbs. I know we all love chocolate and french fried but if you really want to look the best possible these treats should be saved to just one day per week. Choose whole wheat pasta over white and sweet potatoes over Idaho. Plus say no to calorie loaded drinks like sodas and fruit juices. If you want fruit then it is better to eat the real thing. This is going to help cut the fat out and get those muscles defined and showing boldly!

4. Eat after a workout. During workouts your body uses a great amount of energy sources to keep you going strong. So afterwards to help with recovery and muscle building eat a protein rich snack. Try a protein shake, BP&J, chicken… pretty much whatever you like that is not sugar and high in saturated fats. And always remember to drink plenty of water!

5. Cut down on cardio. If you are doing over 25-30 minutes of cardio during your workouts (most women do) then you might be doing too much. After this time your body is going to turn to its muscle storage for energy and who wants to lose what they are working to gain! I tend to keep my cardio workouts to 20-25 minutes, I still feel great afterwards and I know I am staying away from my lean muscle.

So there you have it. 5 tricks to look lean, strong, and muscular. Women building muscle is a great thing and following these tips will get you to where you want to be!

How to Build Your Own Chlorine Generator

You already have a swimming pool but you spend so much money in chemicals like chlorine, algae control and stuff to get a higher pH and then … you need something to lower the PH. Let's say, you are bored and you heard about those easy to clean and maintain saltwater swimming pools. You've heard too that those saltwater chlorine generators are really expensive to install and start up …

The good news is that you can manage to build your very own chlorine generator. I'm not gonna lie to you, but the hardest part in doing this is getting the right materials.

But first, how does these systems works? It's a simple chemical law that we call electrolysis. You need and anode and a cathode of metal and electrical current to break the salt into chlorine. I will not go deep into the process but there is a cycle happening in your pool so that you do not ever need to add more salt or other chemicals. So you save lots of money once your system is paid.

I've tried lots of different metals to do this and found out that the one being used in all chlorine generator systems is expanded titanium. Expanded cause they take a sheet of titanium and they cut holes in it and then expanded it so it looks like a big screen. This maximizes the area for electrolysis to happen.

Once you manage to find titanium (I've found mine on eBay), the job is almost done. All you need to do is to get to pieces of that metal and keep them close to each other and induce a current in it. I used a 12 volts computer power supply for that purpose. Then you build your device, you can make it like a hang-on side of your pool or you could even enclose it in some way that you plug it in-line with your filtration system.

Then you'll need to had some salt to your water. Go to your local pool store and look on the bag of salt, they tell how much you need to had to your swimming pool. I have a 27 feet above ground one and I had to add 9 bags in it. Which cost me around $ 90. The good news is that you do not have to add some more ever. Unless you have to replace the water.

Set it all together and start your pool. You will not imagine how easy and fun that project can be. Happy swimming season everyone!

Source by Christian Galipeau

How To Care For A Garden Pond

A garden pond is a truly lovely feature to have. Many people enjoy sitting in their garden, relaxing and watching the fish swim through their pond. It’s a great thing to do in order to clear your mind and just have a little ‘down time.’ But, how do you truly care for your garden pond in order to ensure a long time of enjoyment from it? Here are some great tips that will tell you how to do just that.

Pumps and Filters –

One of the most important things you can do to keep your pond up and running is to purchase a pump and filter which can be purchased easily, either online or at most aquatic centres. This is also extremely important if you have fish in your pond. Without a pump and filter, which cleans and keeps the water moving, your pond water will become dirty, full of algae and bacteria and stagnant. A pump moves the water, constantly recycling the water that is in the pond, while the filter cleans the water and ensures that the water is clear and a happy habitat for pond fish. The most important part of the filters job is to act as a mini sewage system for the pond. In simple terms the media within the filter creates a huge surface area, which becomes home to many millions of helpful bacteria.

Without a pump and filter, some fish will die. Koi fish are a good example of fish that really need the perfect environment to live.

Surface Issues –

Another way to care for your garden pond is to ensure that all leaves, branches or twigs are promptly removed from the surface of the water. Many times people place their ponds in backyards or gardens that have trees and shrubs. When you do this, the wind can easily blow debris into your pond. Ensure that your fish are happy and cozy and that your water stays clean by removing this debris. You can utilize a net in order to do this, but most people simply scoop it out with their hands.

Water Change –

After the winter, it is usually recommended that pond owners to a partial water change. This will remove the stale, sometimes dirty and murky water and replace it with cleaner, healthier water. You shouldn’t remove all of the water in your pond. Most people do about 20% to 50% in order to maintain a clean and healthy pond. Simply ensure that you do not damage the fish when you do your water change. Always leave enough water for them to swim comfortably in and so they will not get lodged on rocks or other objects in the pond and be above the surface of the water.

Taking care of your pond is very important if you plan to enjoy it for a long time. Most people put a lot of time and money into getting their ponds in the first place, so utilizing these tips and ideas for caring for your pond will help you protect your investment.

Great Ideas to Make Fruits and Vegetables an Interesting Part of Every Meal

Eating fruits and vegetables is one of the best ways to maintain good health. Fruits and vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet. They contain vitamins, phytochemicals, and minerals that can protect your body from diseases like diabetes, cancers, and heart diseases. Ideally, you should consume five kinds of vegetables and two kinds of fruits each day.

Fruits and vegetables have been acclaimed by some people as natural healers and some constituents of particular items have been reported as being particularly valuable for certain groups of people.

Including moderate amounts of a variety of fruits and vegetables in your regular diet may make a noticeable difference in your health.

Eating spinach, strawberries, broccoli, tomatoes, and yams can provide your body with important nutrients that may help to strengthen your immune system, boost your antioxidant level, and reduce your susceptibility to some infectious diseases.

Fruits and vegetables are valuable, fairly cheap non-prescription weapons in helping you to improve your overall health.

Always keep fruits and vegetables on the table or in the kitchen for your family members to pick up and have a quick bite instead of having candies and cookies.

Keep ready a bowl of celery sticks or baby carrots in the refrigerator for any between meals snack.

Ideal Recipes

· Make it a point to start the first meal of the day with a fruit.

· Add sliced bananas, dried fruit or berries to your breakfast cereal, pancakes, or waffle.

· Alternatively, have a whole fruit with your breakfast like an apple or an orange.

· Mix chopped vegetables into scrambled eggs or fold them into an omelet.

· Make a tasty salad with raw broccoli, cauliflower and red and green peppers.

· Eat dried dates, apricots, or raisins for a snack. Carry a prepackaged fruit cup, box of raisins or piece of fruit with you for a nutritious snack when you go out.

· Add some fresh or frozen fruits to two or more cans of chopped or sliced fruit for a tasty and refreshing shortcut fruit salad

· Fresh fruits taste excellent if eaten with desserts like low-fat yogurt, applesauce, or pudding.

· Add fresh or thawed, frozen fruits like grapes, peaches, chunks of bananas or mango and blueberries to your desserts, or blend them into a smoothie.

· You can make use of extra helpings of produce by adding finely chopped carrots, eggplant, broccoli or cauliflower to soups and stews or chili.

· Roast carrots, asparagus, butternut squash, eggplant, and broccoli for a deep, rich flavor. Drizzle a little olive oil over them and roast in an oven set to 425 degrees Fahrenheit, or on the grill until tender.

· Toss a sprinkling of shredded cheese, toasted pine nuts or almonds on pasta or rice with left-over vegetables and low-fat vinaigrette.

A great e-book is focused on showing you the benefits which are claimed for adding more vegetables and fruit to your diet and broadening the choices which you know about. It will also give you a variety of tasty and nutritious recipes.

To find out more fabulous information about how to incorporate a healthy lifestyle with more fruits and vegetables order your copy of Fabulous Fruit and Vegetables today.

100% Foolproof Method for Maintaining a Saltwater Aquarium – Part I

Whether you're on the lookout for a freshwater or saltwater aquarium for your scaly underwater friends, you'll need to know exactly how to properly uphold an atmosphere for fish if you want for them to live more than a few days. Saltwater maintenance is akin to freshwater maintenance, dotted with a few notable differences (such as the type of water). But this guide will give you a general idea of ​​how to go about establishing and conserving a saltwater tank, from purchasing the receptacle itself to what kind of fish are safe to put in it.

Keeping an ideally clean tank for your fish obliges you to do little things every day, every other day, every week, every month, every few months, and twice a year. Sounds like a lot, but it not nearly as bad as you think … lots of things that are not hard to do, and it's totally worth having a gorgeous collection of healthy little ocean creatures.

1. You can choose either a glass or acrylic tank – which one is best for you depends entirely on what you want and how much you're willing to spend. You should also figure out how big of a tank you want – make sure whatever size you choose will fit in the place it's intended to go, too. Try not to situate the tank where it will be under direct sunlight, as this can mess with the water's temperature.

2. Like freshwater fish, saltwater fish will prosper in a larger tank. This is because there will be more oxygen in the water for each fish if there's more water in their home to begin with.

3. You can not maintain a saltwater aquarium without salts, right? That's what separates a saltwater tank from a freshwater one. Along with sea salt mixes, you should obtain a hydrometer, which will test the salinity (or salt content) of the water. Remember, too much salt can be a big problem – the reason nothing lives in the Dead Sea is because it's 35 percent salt. The kind of sea salt you choose is really up to your individual tastes – quality, brand names and affordability can all be deciding factors, but one brand is not generally better than another.

4. Protein skimmers sound like some kind of pasteurization mechanism, but it's actually something you not only need for a saltwater tank, but something you'll need to check about once a day. This little apparatus eliminates waste from the tank before the water goes through the biological filtration system. Be sure to clean out the protein skimmer container daily (or almost daily) so it continues working properly.

5. A biological filter is another noteworthy stipulation for any kind of fish tank. Remember, fish live in water that is constantly moving, whereas water in a container will not move at all. This encourages buildup of junk, waste, debris, and dead things … all of which can make your fish ill. So you'll need to invest in a good-quality filter to keep the water clean and inhabitable. No matter what size tank you've got or what fish are living in it, you'll need a biological filtration system to deal with things toxic to fish, such as ammonia, nitrate and nitrite; these things are not removed, but the filter will use bacteria found naturally in the ocean to sort of neutralize those toxins and make them harmless … kind of like how when you combine baking soda and vinegar, the base cancels out the acid and you You are left with something neutral.

6. Scrape any algae growing on the inside of the tank off too. Try as it might, a filter will not be able to suck algae off the wall of an aquarium.

7. Other filters may need to be used in conjunction with the one mentioned above. Other types available for at-home aquarium maintenance are canister filters and wet / dry (or trickle) filters. Some canisters are convenient biological, chemical and mechanical filters wrapped into one nice little package, too. Trickle filters process water toxins with amplified oxygen content; these are not only easy to install, but are relatively easy to build too – good for the handy fish enthusiast who wants to save a little money.

8. Fish require their homes to remain at a certain temperature – like humans, if it's too cold or too hot, they will probably end up dying or just really sick. When it comes to maintenance, be wary if you've got a glass tank; when you replace the water (this is covered in the next step), the coldness of the water may react extremely with the surfaced heater and cause a crack in the glass … like how your car's windshield may fracture in the winter if you throw hot water on it to defrost it.

9. At least once a week, you should substitute a portion of the total water in your aquarium. The amount for this particular task varies between sources, but the general idea is at least 15 percent and no more than 25 percent of the tank's water should be replaced. Remember, your tank is not as vast as the ocean, and it will require water replacement a few times a month to remove any impurities that could harm your fish. You may even need to change the water twice a week, depending on the fish you have (like messy eaters).

10. Everyone experiences a power outage at some point in their homes … sometimes it's just a one-second flicker due to a windy day, and other times the power's gone for hours or days because something caught fire or exploded. Unfortunately, your aquarium's ecosystem will begin collapsing within those couple hours without water circulation, filtration, or oxygenation. It may be costly to establish an alternative power source, but it will be even more expensive to have to replace everything in your tank. Be sure to take this into consideration, especially if you live in an area prone to power outages.

And that's it! That's enough, probably … but it's quite honestly not hard to do. As mentioned previously, it's a lot of little things that require small amounts of effort, and the payoff more than makes up for the effort needed. Continue reading Maintaining the Saltwater Aquarium Part II which will discuss the inhabitants!

Source by Rubenstein chris

Tips on Aquarium Care and Cleaning

The proper care and cleaning of your aquarium is the most important, yet most overlooked aspect of owning an aquarium. By avoiding the care and maintenance of a fish tank, not only will it lose the visual appeal, but your fish will be unhealthy and unhappy. By following a daily, weekly and monthly care program, you will maintain a beautiful, clean and healthy aquarium.

Daily Cleaning Routine
To maintain a clean aquarium, there are some daily tasks that must be done. First and foremost, it’s important to check the temperature of the tank and make sure it stays consistent. For tropical freshwater fish, the temperature should average at around 77 degrees. Too much heat in your aquarium will promote the growth of algae. Always check for sick or dead fish daily. If you have a sick fish, it should be removed from the tank immediately or it may harm the other inhabitants of the aquarium. Lastly, check that the pump and filter are functioning properly.

Weekly Cleaning Routine
Weekly maintenance is necessary to keep the tank healthy. On a weekly basis, any waste should be removed from the surface of the gravel at the bottom of the tank. Using a siphon tube will accomplish this. If water is removed during this process, be sure to replace it and keep the water in the tank at the same level. Add chemicals and chlorine weekly so the balance within the tank remains the same. At this time, it is best to test the water for the ammonia and nitrate levels. Don’t overlook testing the pH of the water as well. If you are raising live plants, tend to them each week. Trim them back if they are getting too big, and remove any dead or sick leaves. Re-anchor and new sprouts into your gravel. Also, check your tank for snails. You can remove snails by floating a piece of lettuce leaf in the tank. The snails will be attracted to the lettuce, and you can remove them using a net.

Monthly Cleaning Routine
Finally, some monthly steps will assure that your aquarium stays clean and healthy. A partial water change should be performed each month. Using a siphon hose, remove 20 to 25 percent of the water from the tank. Always make sure that your chemical balance is correct. High levels of chlorine and ammonia will cause death. Cleaning the filter should be a monthly task as well as changing the filter cartridge. Be sure not to clean the filter too thoroughly as it contains helpful bacteria that aids in stabilizing the chemical balance in the tank. During the monthly cleaning, scrape and remove all algae from the surface of the tank. If you find you are having a significant amount of algae, consider adding an algae eater to the tank. Should you already have one, be sure to keep an eye on the temperature of the tank and you may also want to limit the time in which a light is used. Any increased heat source will speed up the production of algae inside the aquarium. If your tank is located in direct sunlight and you are having an algae problem, it is best to relocate the tank.

By following a maintenance schedule, you will be sure to keep a clean, clear and healthy tank. Aquarium care is essential and must be performed regularly to ensure the long and happy life of your fish. Provide yourself with an aquarium to be proud of by keeping up with the care and cleaning.

Koi Food Secrets to Raising Quality Koi

Japanese koi are the most colorful and magnificent fish that you can keep in any fresh water environment. The different color and pattern variations associated with the different koi varieties can be like an artist painting on each fish. Even the white of the Platinum Ogon koi can be breathtaking. Especially for a fish that can grow to 30 inches and live to 50 years in the right environment. From the Asagi to the Utsuri, there are many factors involved in raising these magnificent koi. Many koi keepers have done all the right things in creating a koi pond large enough, with plenty of water movement and filtration to keep and grow large koi. They may buy quality Japanese koi that started out looking great, but as time goes by may loose koi to disease or have the colors seem to wash out. Many koi keepers overlook the importance of using a premium koi food that meets all the nutritional needs of their koi. It’s like humans eating a diet of junk food and expecting to be trim and healthy and live a long life.

Bentonite Clay

The Japanese have spent many years developing the different breeds by careful selection and also developing their own formulas of food for the best growth, color, and health. The best koi in the world are grown in mud ponds in the fertile valleys of Niigata in Japan. The reason for this is because of the minerals present in the clay of these mud ponds that ad to the color and health of the koi. Dainichi is the only koi food that incorporates bentonite clay in their koi foods. Bentonite clay contains over 60 minerals and trace elements that aid in enhancing digestion and growth, as well as neutralizing metabolic toxins. Koi that have a poor diet will show up in the whites looking dingy, especially in the face where it will look more yellow than in the rest of the koi. You can also add bentonite clay directly to the pond water to help stabilize the water ph. Koi will ingest significant quantities of silt and other indigestible detritus from their natural environment which will act to bulk out the diet. Having gravel in the bottom of your pond gives a place for this silt and detritus to build up without having the turbid water that you would in a mud pond. It will also harbor worms and small crustaceans that the koi will feed on. Water lilies can be taken out of the pots and planted directly in the gravel adding to the ecosystem of the pond.

High Protein

The metabolism of koi reaches a peak at water temperatures of 75° F. During this time it is essential that they receive a high protein diet to aid in growth and color. They also need to be fed at least twice a day, three times is better. Koi do not have stomachs, and when their metabolism is high they forage constantly. Fish meal and krill for color are protein ingredients to look for in a high quality koi food.

Koi Eat Plants

There are a lot of people that will tell you not to put Japanese koi and plants together. Pet stores and internet articles suggest that koi will destroy any plants you put in your pond. Koi are omnivorous and need vegetable matter in their diet. A high quality koi food will contain spirulina algae which also enhances color. Since koi forage constantly it is good to grow a plant in your pond that will keep up with the appetite of the koi. Watercress is an excellent plant food source for koi. Watercress contains significant amounts of iron, calcium and folic acid, in addition to vitamins A and C, and koi love it. It is best to plant on a shallow ledge with rocks around it to keep the koi from pulling up the roots. You can buy it in the produce section of your grocery store. Just stick it in some shallow water in gravel and it will grow.

Different Foods for the Seasons

During the cooler seasons of spring and fall it is best to feed a food that is higher in vegetable matter, lower in protein, and easy to digest. In the summer months, when the water temperature is above 70° F switch to a higher protein formula. When the water temperature is above 70° F it takes about 16 hours for the food to move completely through a koi digestive tract. At 50° F it can take up to 60 hours and food intake is much less. Only feed the koi as much as they will eat within a few minutes. It is much better to feed 3 times a day in the summer months. At 50° – 55° feed 2 – 3 times a week. When the water temperature goes below 50° F do not feed the koi at all. If the food is not digested due to the low metabolism it can rot in the gut of the koi and cause death.

Cost Versus Quality

If you consider the cost of a high quality food versus the “cheap” foods, there is not that much difference. Keeping healthy koi using a high quality food means fewer outbreaks of disease and lower mortality rates. You are not spending money replacing koi or treating for disease with medications due to poor health because of a poor diet. You also have to go by weight and not just the physical size of the bag. Cheaper foods tend to be more airy while the premium foods tend to be more dense, so it looks like you are getting more food than you actually are with the cheap food. Many times, if compared by weight, the price is pretty close. In the long run it may actually be cheaper to buy the premium koi food. You will definitely notice the difference in the color, growth, and overall health of the koi over just a short time.

For more infromation visit KoiPondFever.com